List of Helicopters in Six Day War

List of Israel Helicopters in Six Day War

1. Aérospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon
Israel ordered 12 helicopters in 1965 to provide the IAF with a heavy lift transport capability. The close ties between Israel and France in the mid 1960s made the choice of a French helicopter inevitable and in early 1965 an IAF delegation of air and ground crews left for France to study the new aircraft.
SA 321 Super Frelon
A Super Frelon helicopter n°165 of the 32F Wing flying over Portsmouth
Role Heavy lift military Transport helicopter
Manufacturer Aérospatiale
First flight 7 December 1962
Introduced 1966
Primary user French military
Number built 99
Variants Avicopter AC313

2. Sikorsky S-58 Choctaw, S-58 designed for improved cargo variant
Sikorsky H-34/S-58
Role Helicopter
Manufacturer Sikorsky Aircraft
First flight 8 March 1954
Introduced 1954
Status out of production, still in civilian service
Primary users United States Army
United States Navy
United States Marines
Number built 2,108
Developed from H-19 Chickasaw
Variants Westland Wessex

List of Syria, Egypt, Iraq and Jordan Helicopters in Six Day War

1. Mil Mi-6
The Mil Mi-6 (NATO reporting name "Hook") was a Soviet/Russian heavy transport helicopter designed by the Mil design bureau and built in large numbers for both military and civil roles.
Mi-6 at Riga, Latvia.
Role Heavy transport helicopter
Manufacturer Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant
First flight 5 September 1957
Introduction 1962
Retired 2002 (Russia CAA)
Status In service with foreign users
Primary users Soviet Air Force
Produced 1960 to 1981
Number built 925+
Variants Mil Mi-10

2. Mil Mi-4
The Mil Mi-4 (USAF/DoD reporting name "Type 36", NATO reporting name "Hound".[2]) was a Soviet transport helicopter that served in both military and civilian roles.
Mil Mi-4 at Prague Aviation Museum
Role Transport helicopter
Manufacturer Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant
First flight 3 June 1952
Introduced 1953
Status Retired
Primary users Soviet Air Force
Polish Air Force
Produced 1951-1969
Number built over 4,500 including Z-5s
Variants Harbin Z-5

List of Aircraft in Six Day War

In three hours on the morning of June 5, 1967, the first day of the Six Day War, the Israeli Air Force executed Operation Focus, crippling the opposing Arab air forces and attaining air supremacy for the remainder of the war. In a surprise attack, the IAF destroyed most of the Egyptian Air Force while its planes were still on the ground. By the end of the day, with surrounding Arab countries also drawn into the fighting, the IAF had mauled the Syrian and Jordanian air forces as well, striking as far as Iraq. After six days of fighting Israel claimed a total of 452 Arab aircraft destroyed, of which 49 were aerial victories.

List of Israel Aircraft in Six Day War

1. Dassault Mirage III, The Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the late 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. It was a successful fighter aircraft used by Israel Air Force during six day war.
Mirage III
Royal Australian Air Force Mirage IIIO(F) (fighter) from 2 Operational Conversion Unit.
Role Interceptor aircraft
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
First flight 17 November 1956
Length: 49 ft, 3 in (15.02 m)
Wingspan: 27 ft (8.24 m)
Height: 14 ft, 9 in (4.50 m) -- Mirage 50M
Status Active service
Weight 15,763 lb (7150 kg) - 32,407 lb (14700 kg)
Speed Max level speed 'clean' at 39,370 ft (12000 m) 1,453 mph (1,262 kt / 2338 km/h)
Armanent Cannon: 2 30mm DEFA 552, R.530 R.550 Magic, AS.37 Martel, EU3 450Kg bombs, AN52 nuclear bombs

2. Dassault Super Mystère

3. Sud Aviation Vautour

4. Mystere IV

5. Dassault Ouragan

6. Fouga Magister

7. Nord 2501IS

List of Syria, Egypt, Iraq and Jordan Aircraft in Six Day War

1. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 is a supersonic jet fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
Croatian Air Force MiG-21bis D
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Mikoyan-Gurevich OKB
Designed by Artem Mikoyan
First flight 14 February 1955 (Ye-2)
Introduced 1959 (MiG-21F)
1 × Tumanskiy R11F-300, 37.27 kN (8,380 lbf) thrust dry, 56.27 kN (12,650 lbf) with afterburner each
Maximum speed 2,125 km/h (1,385 mph), Mach 2.05
Range 1,580 km (981 miles)
  • 1x internal 30 mm NR-30 cannon, plus
  • 2x K-13 or K-13A (R-3S) AAM or
  • 2x 500 kg (1,102 lbs) of bombs

2. MiG-19,
3. MiG-17
4. Su-7
5. Tu-16
6. Il-28,
7. Il-18,
8. Il-14,
9. An-12

APCs and IFVs in Six Day War

The list of Armored Personal Carrier and Infantry Fighting Vehicle used by Israel (IDF) and Arabs in Six day war:

Armored Personal Carrier and Infantry Fighting Vehicle used by Israel (IDF) in Six day war:

1. M2 Half-track
M2 Half Track Car
Type Half-track armored personnel carrier
Weight 9 metric tons
Length 5.96 m (19 ft 7 in)
Width 2.2 m (7 ft 3 in)
Height 2.26 m (7 ft 5 in)
Crew 2 + 7 passengers

Armor 6 - 12 mm
0.5 inch M2 Browning machine gun
Engine White 160AX
147 hp (110 kW)
Suspension Wheeled front axle, rear track
200 miles (320 km)
Speed 40 mph (64 km/h)

2. M3 Half-track
Carrier, Personnel Half-track M3
M3 Halftrack.jpg
M3 half-track with .30 (7.62 mm) Browning M1919 machinegun
Type Half-track armored personnel carrier
Place of origin United States
Weight 9.3 t
Length 6.18 m
Width 2.22 m
Height 2.26 m, wheelbase 135.5 in (3,440 mm)
Crew 3 + 10 troops

1 x 0.5 in (12.7 mm) M2 machine gun
2 x 0.3 in (7.62 mm) M1919A4 machine guns
Engine White 160AX, 386 cu in (6,330 cc), 6 cylinder, petrol, compression ratio 6.3:1,
147 hp (110 kW)
Power/weight 15.8 hp/tonne
Suspension half track, vertical volute springs; front tread 64.5 in (1,640 mm) to 66.5 in (1,690 mm)
Fuel capacity 60 US gal (230 l)
175 mi (282 km)
Speed 45 mph (72 km/h)

Armored Personal Carrier and Infantry Fighting Vehicle used by Egypt, Jordan, Syria (Arabs) in Six day war:
1. BTR-40
Ex-Egyptian or ex-Syrian Israeli-modified BTR-40 at the Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel, 2005.
Type Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carrier
Reconnaissance Vehicle
Place of origin Soviet Union
Weight 5.3 tonnes
Length 5 m
Width 1.9 m
Height 2.2 m (1.83 m without armament)
Crew 2 + 8 passengers (BTR-40 and BTR-40V)
2 + 6 passengers (BTR-40B)

Armor 6-8 mm
7.62 SGMB medium machine gun (1,250 rounds (total)) (optional)
2×7.62 SGMB medium machine gun (1,250 rounds (total)) (optional)
Engine 6-cylinder GAZ-40
80 hp (60 kW) at 3400 rpm
Power/weight 15.1 hp/tonne (11.3 kW/tonne)
Suspension 4x4 wheel, leaf spring
Ground clearance 400 mm
Fuel capacity 122 l
430 km (road)
385 km (cross country)
Speed 80 km/h

2. BTR-152
BTR 152 Yerevan.JPG
BTR-152 in Yerevan, Armenia.
Type Armored personnel carrier
Place of origin Soviet Union
Weight 9.91 tonnes
Length 6.55 m
6.83 m for BTR-152V
Width 2.32 m
Height 2.04 m (without the mg)
2.36 m (with the mg)
2.41 m (BTR-152V with the mg)
Crew 2 (+18 passengers)

Armor welded steel
15 mm front
9 mm sides and rear
10 mm roof
4 mm bottom
7.62mm SGMB light machine gun (1,250 rounds) (12.7 mm DShK 1938/46 heavy machine gun (500 rounds) can be used instead)
2x7.62mm SGMB light machine guns (1,250-1,750 rounds) on side pintel mounts (optional)
Engine ZIS-123 6 cylinder in-line water-cooled petrol (for variants based on ZiS-151)
ZiL-137K 6 cylinder in-line petrol (for variants based on ZiL-157)
110 hp (82 kW) at 3,000 rpm. (for variants based on ZiS-151)
107 hp (80 kW) (for variants based on ZiL-157)
Power/weight 11.1 hp/tonne (8.3 kW/tonne)
10.8 hp/tonne (8.1 kW/tonne) for BTR-152V
Suspension wheeled 6×6
front - 2 leaf springs and hydraulic shock absorbers.
rear - equalising type with 2 leaf springs and torsion bars.
Ground clearance 300 mm
Fuel capacity 300 l (79 gal)
650 km (404 miles)
Speed 75 km/h[6]
65 km/h for BTR-152V

3. BTR-50
Israeli-modified ex-Syrian or ex-Egyptian late-production model BTR-50PK APC at the Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. 2005.
Type Amphibious Tracked Armored Personnel Carrier
Place of origin Soviet Union
Weight 14.5 tonnes
Length 7.08 m
Width 3.14 m
Height 2.03 m
Crew 2 (driver and commander) (+20 passengers)

None or 7.62 mm SGMB medium machine gun (BTR-50P) (1,250 rounds)
14.5 mm KPV heavy machine gun (BTR-50PA)
7.62 mm SGMB medium machine gun (BTR-50PK) (1,250 rounds)
Engine V-6 6-cylinder 4-stroke in line water cooled diesel
240 hp (179 kW) at 1,800 rpm
Power/weight 16.6 hp/t
Suspension torsion bar
Ground clearance 370 mm
Fuel capacity 400 l
400 km
Speed 44 km/h (road)
11 km/h (water)

4. BTR-60
BTR-60PB DA-ST-89-06597.jpg
Type Wheeled Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier
Place of origin Soviet Union
Specifications (BTR-60PB)
Weight 10.3 tonnes
Length 7.56 m
Width 2.825 m
Height 2.31 m
Crew 3 + 8 passengers

Armor Welded steel
7 mm at 86° hull upper front
9 mm at 47° hull lower front
7 mm hull sides
5 mm hull upper rear
7 mm hull lower rear
5 mm hull floor
7 mm hull roof
10 mm turret front
7 mm turret sides
7 mm turret sear
7 mm turret roof
14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun (500 rounds)
7.62 mm PKT tank coaxial machine gun (3,000 rounds)
Engine 2×GAZ-40P 6-cylinder gasoline
90 hp (67 kW) each
180 hp (134 kW) (combined)
Power/weight 18.4 hp/tonne (13.7 kW/tonne)
Suspension wheeled 8×8
Ground clearance 475 mm
Fuel capacity 290 l
500 km
Speed 80 km/h on road
10 km/h on water

AFV and Tank in Six Day War

The list of Armoured Fighting Vehicle and Tank used by Israel (IDF) and Arabs in Six day war:

Armoured Fighting Vehicle and Tank used by Israel in Six day War:
1. Sherman M-50 and the Sherman M-51
modified versions of the M4 Sherman tank. The Sherman underwent extensive modifications including a larger 105mm medium velocity, French gun, redesigned turret, wider tracks, more armor and upgraded engine and suspension.
Medium Tank M4
Type Medium tank
Place of origin United States
Weight 66,800 pounds (30.3 tonnes; 29.8 long tons; 33.4 short tons)
Length 19 ft 2 in (5.84 m)
Width 8 ft 7 in (2.62 m)
Height 9 ft (2.74 m)
Crew 5 (Commander, gunner, loader, driver, co-driver)

Armor 63 mm
French 105 mm CN 105 F1 gun

90 rounds

.50 cal Browning M2HB machine gun (300 rounds),
2 × .30-06 Browning M1919A4 machine guns (4,750 rounds)
Engine Continental R975 C1, air-cooled, radial, gasoline
400 hp (298 kW) gross at 2,400 rpm
350 hp (253 kW) net at 2,400 rpm
Power/weight 15.8 hp/tonne
Transmission Spicer manual, synchromesh, 4 forward (plus 1 overdrive) and 1 reverse gear
Suspension Vertical Volute Spring Suspension (VVSS)
120 miles at 175 U.S. ga (193 km at 660 l; 80 octane)
Speed 25 to 30 mph (40 to 48 km/h)

2. M48 Patton
M48 Patton
M48A1 medium tank
Type Medium Tank
Place of origin United States
Weight M48: 49.6 tons (45 tonnes) combat ready
Length 30.22' (9.3 m)
Width 11.86' (3.65 m)
Height 10.07' (3.1 m)
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Armor 120 mm (4.89")
90 mm gun T54; M48A3 90mm gun M41; M48A5 and later variants: 105 mm M68 gun
.50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine gun
.30 in (7.62 mm) M73 Machine gun
Engine Continental AVDS-1790-5B V12, air-cooled Twin-turbo gasoline engine (early M48s) 810 hp (604 kW)

Continental AVDS-1790-2 V12, air cooled Twin-turbo diesel engine
750 hp

Power/weight 15.1 hp/ton (16.6/tonne)
Transmission General Motors CD-850-4A or -4B, 2 ranges forward, 1 reverse
Suspension Torsion bar suspension
Fuel capacity 200 gals (757 litres)
287 miles (463 km)
Speed 30 mph (48 km/h)(M48A5)

3. Centurion Tank
The Centurion was upgraded with the British 105 mm L7 gun, prior to the war.
Centurion cfb borden 1.JPG
Centurion Mk3
Type Main battle tank
Place of origin United Kingdom
Weight 51 long tons (52 t)
Length 25 ft (7.6 m)
Width 11 feet 1 inch (3.38 m)
Height 9 feet 10.5 inches (3.010 m)
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Armour 6 in (150 mm)
105 mm L7 rifled gun
17 pdr
20 pdr
.30 cal Browning machine gun
Engine Rolls Royce Meteor
650 hp (480 kW)
Power/weight 13 hp/tonne
Suspension Horstmann suspension
280 miles (450 km)
Speed 21 mph (34 km/h)

AMX 13
AMX-13 on display
Type Light tank
Place of origin France
Weight 13.7 t (30,000 lb) empty
14.5 t (32,000 lb) combat
Length 4.88 m (16 ft 0 in) hull
6.36 m (20 ft 10 in) with gun
Width 2.51 m (8 ft 3 in)
Height 2.35 m (7 ft 9 in)
Crew 3 (Commander, gunner and driver)

Armour 10mm (.39 in) minimum
40 mm (1.57 in) maximum
75 mm (or 90 mm or 105 mm) with 32 Rounds
7.5 mm (or 7.62 mm) coaxial MG with 3,600 Rounds, 7.62 mm AA MG (optional), 2×2 smoke grenade dischargers
Engine SOFAM Model 8Gxb 8-cyl. water-cooled petrol
250 hp (190 kW)
Power/weight 15 hp/tonne
Suspension Torsion bar suspension
400 km (250 mi)
Speed 60 km/h (37 mph)

Armoured Fighting Vehicle and Tank used by Egypt, Syria and Iraq in Six day War:
1.T-34/85 Tank
Char T-34.jpg
T-34-85 at Musée des Blindés
Type Medium tank
Place of origin Soviet Union
Specifications (T-34 Model 1941)
Weight 26.5 tonnes (29.2 ST; 26.1 LT)
Length 6.68 m (21 ft 11 in)
Width 3.00 m (9 ft 10 in)
Height 2.45 m (8 ft 0 in)
Crew 4

Armor (typical)[1] upper front 45 mm (1,8")/60°, hull side 45 mm (1.8")/40°(upper part), rear 40 mm, top 20 mm, bottom 15 mm; turret front 60 mm (2.4"), sides up to 63 mm/2.5"/30°, rear 40 mm, top 16 mm
76.2 mm (3.00 in) F-34 tank gun
2 × 7.62 mm (0.308 in) DT machine guns
Engine 12-cyl. diesel model V-2
500 hp (370 kW)
Power/weight 17.5 hp/tonne
Suspension Christie
400 km (250 mi)
Speed 53 km/h (33 mph)

2.T-54/T55 Tank
T-55 skos RB.jpg
Polish T-55A, Poznań Citadel Museum of Arms
(front · rear · detail)
Type Main battle tank
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1950–present
Specifications (T-55)
Weight 39.7 tonnes
Length 6.45 m
Width 3.37 m
Height 2.40 m
Crew 4

Armour 203 mm turret, 99 mm hull, LOS = ~200 mm
D-10T 100 mm rifled gun
2×7.62 mm SGMT machine gun, (12.7 mm DShK heavy machine gun)
Engine Model V-55 12-cyl. 38.88-l diesel
581 hp (433 kW)
Power/weight 14.6 hp/tonne
Suspension Torsion bar
Ground clearance 0.425 m
Fuel capacity 961 l (254 gal)
501 km (311 mi), 600 km (373 mi) with extra tanks
Speed 55 km/h (34 mph)

3. PT-76 Tank
PT-76 on display near the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Kiev
Type Amphibious Light Tank
Place of origin Soviet Union
Specifications (PT-76 model 1)
Weight 14.6 tonnes
Length 6.91 m (hull)
Width 3.15 m
Height 2.325 m
Crew 3 (driver, commander, loader)

Armour 20 mm
76,2 mm D-56T rifled tank gun (40 rds.)
7.62 mm SGMT coax machine gun (1,000 rds.)
Engine 6-cyl. diesel
240 hp (179 kW)
Power/weight 16.4 hp/tonne
Suspension torsion-bar
Ground clearance 370 mm
Fuel capacity 250 l
370–400 km, 480–510 km with external fuel
Speed 44 km/h (27 mph), 10.2 km/h (6.3 mph) swimming

4. Panzerkampfwagen IV (Pz.Kpfw. IV)
Panzerkampfwagen IV
A Panzer IV Ausf G. in desert colors, bearing the palm tree insignia of the 15th Panzer Division of the Afrika Korps.
Type Medium tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Specifications (Pz IV Ausf H, 1943 [2])
Weight 25.0 tonnes (27.6 ST; 24.6 LT)
Length 7.02 m (23 ft 0 in)
Width 2.88 m (9 ft 5 in)
Height 2.68 m (8 ft 10 in)
Crew 5 (commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator/bow machine-gunner)

Armor 10–80 mm (0.39–3.1 in)
7.5 cm (2.95 in) KwK 40 L/48 main gun (87 rds.)
2-3 × 7.92-mm Maschinengewehr 34
Engine 12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM
300 PS (296 hp, 220 kW)
Power/weight 12 PS/t
Transmission 6 forward and 1 reverse ratios
Suspension Leaf spring
Fuel capacity 470 l (120 US gal)
200 km (120 mi)
Speed 42 km/h (26 mph) road, 16 km/h (9.9 mph) off road

Armoured Fighting Vehicle and Tank used by Jordan in Six day War:
1. M47 Patton Tank
M47 Patton
M47 Patton on display
Type Medium Tank[1]
Place of origin United States
Weight 46 tonnes (50.7 short tons) combat ready
Length 27 ft 11 in (8.51 m)
Width 11 ft 6.25 in (3.51 m)
Height 11 ft (3.35 m)
Crew 5 (commander, gunner, loader, driver, assistant driver)

Armor 4 in (100 mm)
90 mm gun M36
71 rounds
0.5 in (12.7 mm) M2 machine gun
2 × 7.62 mm machine gun
Engine Continental AVDS-1790-5B V12, air-cooled, Twin-turbo gasoline engine
810 hp (600 kW)
Power/weight 17.6 hp/tonne
Transmission General Motors CD-850-4, 2 ranges forward, 1 reverse
Suspension Torsion bar
Fuel capacity 231.94 gallons (878 liters)
81 mi (130 km)
Speed 30 mph (48 km/h)

2. M48 Patton Tank
M48 Patton
M48A1 medium tank
Type Medium Tank
Place of origin United States
Weight M48: 49.6 tons (45 tonnes) combat ready
Length 30.22' (9.3 m)
Width 11.86' (3.65 m)
Height 10.07' (3.1 m)
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Armor 120 mm (4.89")
90 mm gun T54; M48A3 90mm gun M41; M48A5 and later variants: 105 mm M68 gun
.50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine gun
.30 in (7.62 mm) M73 Machine gun
Engine Continental AVDS-1790-5B V12, air-cooled Twin-turbo gasoline engine (early M48s) 810 hp (604 kW)

Continental AVDS-1790-2 V12, air cooled Twin-turbo diesel engine
750 hp

Power/weight 15.1 hp/ton (16.6/tonne)
Transmission General Motors CD-850-4A or -4B, 2 ranges forward, 1 reverse
Suspension Torsion bar suspension
Fuel capacity 200 gals (757 litres)
287 miles (463 km)
Speed 30 mph (48 km/h)(M48A5)

Displaced Populations After the War


As a result of the war, a wave of Palestinians was displaced. An estimated 300,000 Palestinians left the West Bank and Gaza, most of whom settled in Jordan.

In his book Righteous Victims, Israeli "New Historian" Benny Morris writes:

In three villages southwest of Jerusalem and at Qalqilya, houses were destroyed "not in battle, but as punishment ... and in order to chase away the inhabitants ... ---contrary to government...policy," Dayan wrote in his memoirs. In Qalqilya, about a third of the homes were razed and about 12,000 inhabitants were evicted, though many then camped out in the environs. The evictees in both areas were allowed to stay and later were given cement and tools by the Israeli authorities to rebuild at least some of their dwellings. But many thousands of other Palestinians now took to the roads. Perhaps as many as seventy thousand, mostly from the Jericho area, fled during the fighting; tens of thousands more left over the following months. Altogether, about one-quarter of the population of the West Bank, about 200-250,000 people, went into exile. ... They simply walked to the Jordan River crossings and made their way on foot to the East Bank. It is unclear how many were intimidated or forced out by the Israeli troops and how many left voluntarily, in panic and fear. There is some evidence of IDF soldiers going around with loudspeakers ordering West Bankers to leave their homes and cross the Jordan. Some left because they had relatives or sources of livelihood on the East Bank and feared being permanently cut off. Thousands of Arabs were taken by bus from East Jerusalem to the Allenby bridge, though there is no evidence of coercion. The free Israeli-organized transportation, which began on June 11, 1967, went on for about a month. At the bridge they had to sign a document stating that they were leaving of their own free will. Perhaps as many as seventy thousand people emigrated from the Gaza Strip to Egypt and elsewhere in the Arab world. On July 2 the Israeli government announced that it would allow the return of those 1967 refugees who desired to do so, but no later than August 10, later extended to September 13. The Jordanian authorities probably pressured many of the refugees, who constituted an enormous burden, to sign up to return. In practice only 14,000 of the 120,000 who applied were actually allowed by Israel back into the West Bank by the beginning of September. After that, only a trickle of "special cases" were allowed back, perhaps 3,000 in all.(328-9)

In addition, between 80,000 and 110,000 Syrians fled the Golan Heights, of which about 20,000 were from the city of Quneitra. According to recent research by an Israeli daily Haaretz, much of the Syrian population was expelled from the territory by the Israeli army.

Jews in Arab countries

With the loss of Arab lands, the minority Jews living in the Arab world immediately faced persecution and expulsion, following the Israeli victory. According to historian Michael B. Oren,

mobs attacked Jewish neighborhoods in Egypt, Yemen, Lebanon, Tunisia, and Morocco, burning synagogues and assaulting residents. A pogrom in Tripoli, Libya, left 18 Jews dead and 25 injured; the survivors were herded into detention centers. Of Egypt's 4,000 Jews, 800 were arrested, including the chief rabbis of both Cairo and Alexandria, and their property sequestered by the government. The ancient communities of Damascus and Baghdad were placed under house arrest, their leaders imprisoned and fined. A total of 7,000 Jews were expelled, many with merely a satchel.

Six Day War Timeline

Six Day War Timeline

Pre-War Timeline:

June 18, 1953 Revolution in Egypt. Young officers including Gemal Abdel Nasser overthrow monarchy and proclaim goal of modernization and undoing the shame of 1948.
Oct. 29, 1956

Suez Campaign. In retaliation for a series of escalating border raids as well as the closure of the straits of Tiran and Suez canal to Israeli shipping, and to prevent Egyptian use of newly acquired Soviet arms in a war, Israel invades the Sinai peninsula and occupies it for several months, with French and British collaboration. French and British were interested in reversing the nationalization of the canal. Israel withdraws after a UN peace keeping force is placed in Sinai, and US guarantees right of passage for Israeli shipping through the Straits of Tiran. Suez Canal reopened March 23, 1957.

1957 Probable start of construction of Israel nuclear breeder reactor using French technology. The French later tried to stop the program, but backed down when Israeli FM Peres said Israel would make the deal public. Reactor was discovered by the US in U-2 flights in 1960 or 1961.
1957 U.S. committed in an aide de memoire (memorandum) to guarantee freedom of passage in the Suez canal, signed February 11. A later memorandum of February 23 answered questions and clarified Israeli doubts, making it clear that US would allow use of force to keep the straits open. However, the US government later claimed that it had no knowledge of such commitments and that the memorandum was "lost."
Nov 18, 1959 Israel abandons earlier Jordan river diversion scheme, begins work on the National Water Carrier Project, to divert the waters of the River Jordan from the Sea of Galilee to the Negev, taking its share of Jordan water in accordance with Johnston plan.
1959 Fatah founded. In the summer of 1959, according to a detailed account by Thomas Kiernan, Yasser Arafat, Khalil al Wazir, Saad Khalef, Faruq Qadumi, Zuhair al Alami, Kamal Adwan, Muhamed Yussef an-Najar and others found the Fatah organization in Kuwait, with the aim of destroying Israel. The name means victory or conquest.As "conquest" does not sound politically correct, they note that they can reverse the name to be Harakat Tahrir Filastin, Palestine Liberation Movement. Various dates and soon renamed "Fatah" (Conquest or "Victory"). The organization was to be modeled on the Algerian FLN. (from Kiernan, Thomas, Arafat, Norton, 1976 pp 214-218). Various other dates as early as 1957 are given in other sources, and may refer to informal meetings held by the Palestinian expatriate group surounding Arafat.Fatah was formally founded in 1964.
Oct. 23, 1958 Soviet loan to Egypt to finance Aswan Dam.
Nov 18, 1959 Israel abandons earlier Jordan river diversion scheme, begins work on the National Water Carrier Project, to divert the waters of the River Jordan from the Sea of Galilee to the Negev, taking its share of Jordan water in accordance with Johnston plan.
Jan 13-17 1964 First Arab summit at Cairo (the Egyptians count this as the third Arab Summit) (ie. heads of State, instigated by Nasser), prompted by Israel’s national water carrier project and Palestinian agitation against it. Arabs declare their intentions of stopping the Israeli diversion scheme, which is in accordance with the Johnson plan, and decided on establishment of the PLO. A Unified Arab Command under Egyptian supervision was created. This summit and the one that followed in September caused considerable alarm in Israel, and is cited by Avi Shlaim (The Iron Wall) as the actual beginning of the 6 day war.
May, 1964 PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)founded with the aim of destroying Israel. The Palestinian National Charter (1968) officially called for liquidation of Israel. PLO was founded by Egypt to divert Palestinian energies from the nascent Fatah movement of Yasser Arafat, which had become anti-Nasserist.
June 5, 1964 Israel begins pumping water from the Sea of Galilee for the Israel National Water Carrier. Israel agreed to take only its share of water allotted under the Johnston plan, with the tacit agreement of Jordan.
Sept 13, 1964 Second Arab Summit at Alexandria decides on diversion of the headwaters of the Jordan as well as strengthening regional Arab armies. Arabs declare the aim of destroying Israel. Israel addressed two notes to the UN Security Council, concerning the alarming nature of the summit resolutions to destroy Israel.
Jan. 2, 1965 Al Fatah carries out first sabotage in Israel, against the Israel National Water Carrier. Fatah carried out about 122 raids between Jan 1965 and June 1967, later boasting that they had dragged the Arab states into war. Most of these raids were abortive
Jan. 1965 Syrians capture Israeli agent Eli Cohen, cutting off an important source of intelligence about Syrian deployment, particularly in the Golan. Cohen was executed in May.
1965 Syrian water diversion project begins. Syrians fire on Israeli demilitarized zones, often in response to Israeli provocations. This gives Israel the excuse to bombard earth moving equipment of the diversion project.
Sept. 18. 1965 Third Arab Summit at Casablanca. Conference draws up staged plan for combating Israel, first building up armed forces of Jordan, Syria and Lebanon over 2.5-3 yrs & refraining from war with Israel; then proceeding to war.
Nov 13, 1965 After Syria fires on Israeli patrol, IAF bombards Syrian diversion project in retaliation. Four Israelis killed, heavier losses for Syrians.
Feb. 23, 1966 Baathist extremist coup in Syria by Shazli Al Jadid and Hafez El Assad, followed by increased PLO activity against Israel. Regime policy:

"The Palestine question [is] the main axis of our domestic, Arab and international policies... The liberation battle can only be waged by progressive Arab forces through a popular war of liberation, which history has proved is the only course for victory against all aggressive forces.... it will remain the final way for the liberation of the entire Arab homeland and for its comprehensive socialist popular unification.

May 25, 1966 USSR claims falsely that it has uncovered a Zionist plot to attack Syria.
July 7, 1966 IAF attacks Syrian diversionary scheme after Syrian shelling of Israel, and downs a MiG 21. The diversion scheme is abandoned.
Aug 15, 1966 Israeli patrol boat run ashore in DMZ on Eastern shore of lake Galilee is attacked by Syrian air force and artillery. Israel air force downs two MiGs, but the boat must be salvaged at night due to persistent artillery fire.
Nov 9, 1966 Egypt and Syria sign defense treaty. This date is also given as Nov. 4. A secret codicil promised that Egypt would attack Israel in the south if Israel attacked Syria.
Nov 10, 1966 Three Israeli soldiers are killed by a land mine on an Israeli patrol road near the the border, south of Hebron. King Hussein sends an apology via US ambassador Walworth Barbour, but Barbour fails to deliver the apology.
Nov 13, 1966 Samu' raid: Israeli troops retaliate for the November 10 killing of 3 Israeli soldiers by a mine planted on a patrol road. The attack unexpectedly runs into a column of Jordan Legion soldiers, kills 15 Jordanian soldiers and 3 civilians, & dynamite 125 houses in as Samu according to UN or about 40 according to Israelis.near Hebron; in response to the Israel is censured by SCR228 (25 Nov 66), but there is no military response from Amman. This leads to recriminations in the Israeli government, which had intended a smaller scale raid, and Palestinian anger and clashes with Jordanian security forces throughout West Bank, especially in Nablus where the army had to intervene. The PLO gains support.
Dec 14, 1966 Egyptian Marshal Hakim Amer cables Nasser from Pakistan, recommending closing the straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping and dismissing the UNEF force from Gaza.
Jan -March 1967 Over 270 border "incidents" cause rising concern in Israel. March 3 - Landmine injures tractorist in Kibbutz Shamir. March 12, explosion on train tracks near Kibbutz Lahav. March 26, 2 Palestinians killed trying to demolish a water pump near Arad.
April 7, 1967 Israelis respond to intensive Syrian shelling of DMZ and and Israeli villages and kibbutzim with IAF raid. An air battle involving about 130 aircraft developed. Israelis down 6 MiG 21 fighters, 2 over the Golan and 4 over Damascus.
May 11, 1967 Israeli PM Eshkol states, "In view of the 14 incidents in the past month alone it is possible that we will have to adopt measures no less drastic than those of April 7." UPI circulated a rumor (May 12) that Israel was trying to topple the Syrian regime. The incidents included shelling, terror attacks and attempted infiltration of a Syrian agent to blow up locations in Jerusalem.
May 12, 1967 Remarks by Yitzhak Rabin interpreted as provocative against Syria. Rabin is rebuked by Eshkol.
May 13, 1967 Soviets inform Anwar Sadat in Moscow that Israel is massing 10-12 brigades in preparation for an attack on Syria, supposedly to take place May 17. The information is false, as were several similar previous Soviet warnings.
May 14, 1967 First reports of Egyptian troop movements into Sinai.
May 16, 1967 Radio Cairo broadcast stated: "The existence of Israel has continued too long. We welcome the Israeli aggression. We welcome the battle we have long awaited. The peak hour has come. The battle has come in which we shall destroy Israel."
May 18, 1967 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser orders the United Nations Emergency Force to leave Sinai.
May 21, 1967 Ben-Gurion summons Israeli Chief of Staff Rabin and accuses him of precipitating the crisis and dragging Israel into a dangerous war. On the following day, Rabin, under tremendous pressure, is incapacitated temporarily by nicotine poisoning, massive fatigue or a nervous breakdown.
May 23, 1967 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser closes the straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping. Egypt moves six divisions, about 130,000 soldiers, into Sinai. Negotiations with US to reopen the Straits of Tiran fail.
May 26, 1967 Speech by Gamal Nasser to Arab Trade Unionists - - Nasser claimed that Egypt was only looking for the right movement and the proper excuse to fight for the Palestinian cause.
May 26, 1967 President Johnson reluctantly agrees to see Abba Eban. Tells him he is powerless to act to open straits of Tiran and requires more time (about two weeks) to assemble UN support for a regatta to open the straits. Warns Israel against unilateral action. Subsequent UN debate proves fruitless.
May 27, 1967 Nasser cancels a planned Egyptian attack on Israel (Operation fajr - Dawn), planned for following day, after it became obvious that the Israelis knew about the plan.
May 28, 1967 Israeli Levi Eshkol broadcasts a hesitant, stammering speech, further exacerbating pressure on him to make way for other leaders. Later it is claimed that the stammering was due to problems in reading the manuscript.
May 29, 1967 Speech by Gamal Nasser to Egyptian National Assembly Members - Nasser explicitly threatened to destroy Israel: "...God will surely help and urge us to restore the situation to what it was in 1948....But now that the time has come - and I have already said in the past that we will decide the time and place and not allow them to decide - we must be ready for triumph and not for a recurrence of the 1948 comedies. "
May 30, 1967 Jordan signs a defense pact with Egypt, allows Egyptian command of Jordan Legion.
May 31, 1967 President Abdur Rahman Aref of Iraq stated "The existence of Israel is an error which must be rectified. This is our opportunity to wipe out the ignominy which has been with us since 1948. Our goal is clear - to wipe Israel off the map.
Jun 2, 1967 Moshe Dayan joins Israeli cabinet as Minister of Defense. Unity gov't formed. Reservists released for furlough before outbreak of the war.

The Six Day War Timeline - June 1967

Day 1
Egyptian Front Jordanian Front Syrian Front
June 5 7:46 First wave of Israeli air attacks in Operation Focus; hits Egypt.

9:45 Jordanian bombardment of Jerusalem & Central Israel. Iraqi and Jordanian aircraft try to bomb Tel Aviv & other targets.

8:15 Southern District Commander Yehushua Gavish gives attack order. Tal's division crosses southern Gaza into Rafiah; Jordanian radar at Ajlun detects the Israeli attack and warns Egyptians, but the Egyptians do not get the transmission. 12:00 Israeli bombing of airfields in Mafraq and Amman. Jordanians capture UNO HQ in Jerusalem. 12:00 Syrian aircraft attack targets in Haifa

10:15 Seventh Brigade in Khan Yunis. 12:25 Israel bombs Iraq airbase H-3

16:00 IAF attacks Cairo International Airport, destroying combat aircraft hidden under the wings of civilian airliners.* 13:00 Jerusalem brigade captures UN governor's HQ in Jerusalem.

17:00 Seventh brigade armor in El Arish; mopping up in Rafiah 15:00 45th Israel armored brigade crosses border near Ta'anach
13:00 IAF aircraft attack Syrian airbases, destroy most of the Syrian air force.

18:30 Yoffe's division at Bir al lachfan junction. 15:30 Israel conquers Tsur Baher and Pa'amon fortified position.

22:00 IN ships in Alexandria & Port Said. 17:00 Jordanian artillery shell Tel Aviv

19:30 Israel takes "Radar" and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz positions. 1840 Syrian artillery bombards Rosh Pina
Day 2
Egyptian Front Jordanian Front Syrian Front
June 6 6:00 Sharon's division completes conquest of Umm el Katef, Afu Ageila 3:00 Latrun Police fort captured by 55th brigade & 4th armored brigade; 10th brigade cuts off Jerusalem-Ramallah road 05:47 Syrian artillery barrage on Israeli border communities and attempt to advance to Tel Dan, Dan and Ashmora.

12:00 Conquest of Bir al Lahfan completed. Tal and Yoffe link up. 05:30 45th Brigade enters Jenin.

13:00 Conquest of Gaza complete 06:00 Counterattack of Jordan Legion 40th brigade in Dotan valley.

16:00 Ras el Naqeb conquered 06:15 Conquest of "armor hill" ("givat hatahmoshet") in Jerusalem.

18:30 Jebel Libni junction conquered 08:00 North East Jerusalem conquered

20:00 General retreat ordered for Egyptian army. 11:00 37th brig. captures Talpit

11:45 Capture of "Givat Hamivtar"

13:00 Jenin Surrenders

17:00 End of Dotan valley battler

17:20 Qalqiliya conquered by IDF

18:00 Abu Tor conquered by IDF

19:30 Conquest of Ramallah

24:00 General retreat from West Bank (Judea & Samaria) ordered for Jordan Legion.

Day 3
Egyptian Front Jordanian Front Syrian Front
June 7 0900 Bir al-Hasna conquered 02:00 Zabbida-Aqaba conquered conquered.
Syrian artillery bombardments continue all along the northern border with Golan.

11:00 Al Qazima conquered. 10:00 Old city of Jerusalem conquered.

12:14 Israel Navy at Sharm el Sheikh 11:00 Tul Karm conquered

11:15 Nablus (Shechem) conquered.

12:15 Final general retreat order for Jordanian forces.

14:30 Bir Gafgafa conquered 14:25 Mar Elias monastery conquered

18:00 Mitleh pass closed 18:00 Gush Etzion conquered by Israel.

19:40 Nasser turns down UN Security Council cease fire initiative. Israeli fourth division preventing Egyptian retreat at Mitleh and Jiddi passes 19:30 Jericho conquered by Israel.

Day 4
Egyptian Front Jordanian Front Syrian Front
June 8 03:00 3d Eg. armored brigade attacks Tal's vanguard west of Bir Gafgafa. 06:30 IDF conquers Hebron.
Syrian artillery bombardments continue all along the northern border with Golan.

5:55 Israel reconnaissance flight spots ship off Gaza coast, later identified as USS Liberty, and marked on Israeli situation map. Liberty had not received cables ordering it to withdraw 100 miles from the coast. 08:00 Link up of central and southern command forces at Dahirieh (west of Hebron).
IAF attacks Syrian defenses in preparation for operation Hammer, which is then cancelled.

06:00 Kuntilah conquered. 13:00 IDF destroys Jordan river bridges.

9:00 Israeli pilots spot Liberty 30 km north of El Arish. Rabin summons US Naval attache and warns him to identify or remove U.S. ships from battle zone. Israeli requests for naval liaison were repeatedly refused by US.

10:00 Israeli battle with Egyptian reserve at Kantara approaches. Jiddi pass conquered by Israelis.

11:00 Israeli duty officer goes off shift, removes Liberty marker.

11:24 Explosion of ammunition dumps at El-Arish mistakenly attributed by Israelis to naval attack. Rabin repeats order to sink any unidentified ships.

01:41 Liberty spotted, but not identified, by Israeli torpedo boats, who request air assistance. Israeli air reconnaissance fails to identify the ship.

01:57 2 Israeli Mirages strafe the Liberty. A squad of Mysteres dropped napalm on the ship. Before renewing the attack, Israelis identify Latin alphabet lettering, showing the ship was not Arab, and break off attack.

Torpedo ship squadron pagoda, ordered to hold back, nonetheless arrives on the scene of the USS Liberty battle and fires five torpedoes at the ship after US personnel fire at the torpedo boats.

15:30 Egypt accepts cease fire (9:30 PM N.Y. time)

16:00 End of Kalat a-nahal battle.

18:00 Kantara conquered

Day 5
Egyptian Front Jordanian Front Syrian Front
June 9 01:00 Yoffe's advance armor reaches Suez Canal

07:20 After intercepted message from Nasser indicates Arab forces are near collapse, Dayan reverses his stand and the decision of the cabinet, and orders attack on the Golan Heights. Initially a limited plan called "Hammer."

11:30 8th brig. begins advance on Syrian lines in North Golan

12:35 IDF conquers Tel Hallal

17:00 IDF conquers Tel Azaziat

18:20 IDF takes Tal Fahr bunkers after bloody battle.

18:30 Nasser, in televised speech, blames the United States for the loss and insists that the US helped Israel. He threatens "The Sixth Fleet runs on Arab Petroleum." Nasser announces resignation. Speech is followed by anti-aircraft fire and a huge "spontaneous demonstration" that causes him to retract the resignation.

18:30 IDF takes Zaura-Kala compound.

20:00 IDF takes Rouya

Day 6
Egyptian Front Jordanian Front Syrian Front
June 10

0:400 IDF conquers Jalabina fortifications.

08:30 Syrians announce falsely that Kuneitra has fallen, in order to pressure for a cease fire.

14:30 Kuneitra falls to IDF (12:30 according to Michael Oren, 6 Days of War)

15:00 Dayan meets Odd Bull and agrees to cease fire by 18:00 hrs.

18:15 Mas'ada falls.

Day Egyptian Front Jordanian Front Syrian Front
June 12

Hermon and Majdal Chams claimed for Israel.